Besides increasing age, several factors boost the risk of prostate cancer:
- Family history. Having a brother or father with prostate cancer more than doubles your risk (brother more so than father). Your risk is even higher if several of your relatives have had the cancer, especially if they were young when it was found.
- Race. Black men are 60 percent more likely to develop it than white men, and more than twice as likely to die from it.
- Genes. Men who inherit certain genetic mutations (notably of the BRCA gene, best known for increasing the risk of breast and ovarian cancer) have elevated rates of prostate cancer.
Nevertheless, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force did not single out any of these higher-risk groups for screening in its new draft guidelines, saying that more research is needed. Other experts, however, do advise such men to get screened and to start screening earlier.