Bone Loss: Tallying Your Risk?>

Bone Loss: Tallying Your Risk

by Berkeley Wellness  

The more of the following risk factors you have, the more likely you are to have or develop osteoporosis:

  • A fracture not related to major trauma.
  • A family history of osteoporosis or fractures.
  • Increasing age over 65.
  • Early menopause.
  • For women, being postmenopausal (or having had their ovaries removed).
  • For men, abnormally low levels of testosterone—for instance, because of treatment for prostate cancer.
  • Smoking, past or present.
  • Being white, Hispanic, or Asian.
  • Being small-boned or underweight (usually defined for women as less thanabout 127 pounds or BMI under 20).
  • Above-average loss of height.
  • Getting little weight-bearing exercise.
  • Celiac disease, diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease, COPD, rheumatoid arthritis, anorexia, and certain other chronic disorders.
  • Long-term use of drugs such as certain anticonvulsants, corticosteroids, proton pump inhibitors (PPIs, for reflux disease), or excessive thyroid hormones.
  • Inadequate consumption of calcium, vitamin D, and other bone-building nutrients.
  • Heavy alcohol consumption (which weakens bones and increases the risk of falls).