July 20, 2018

View as List Take the Taste Test

  • Take the Taste Test

    The sense of taste plays a vital role in our choice and enjoyment of foods and thus in our overall health. It depends heavily on the sense of smell—and, like smell, the sense of taste usually declines after age 40. See what you know about taste by taking this quiz.

  • 1

    True or false?

    girl tasting lollipop image

    Taste and flavor are detected entirely by the tongue. 

    Check the next slide to see if you are right. 

  • 2

    False.

    woman smelling food image

    Thousands of taste buds are located on the tongue, but some are also scattered on the roof of the mouth, inside the cheeks, and in the upper throat. Each bud contains 50 to 150 specialized taste receptor cells, which send nerve signals to the brain about the five major tastes—sweet, sour, bitter, salty, and umami (often described as savory). What’s more, though the words taste and flavor are often used interchangeably, flavor goes beyond taste and depends largely on the smell of foods. Take chocolate ice cream. Your taste buds perceive that it's sweet, but it's the aromatic chemicals reaching your nose that tell you it's chocolate and not another flavor.

  • 3

    True or false?

    girl dislike food image

    Foods taste different to different people.

    Check the next slide to see if you are right.

  • 4

    True, somewhat.

    boy dislike tomato image

    Humans vary geneti­cally in their perception of tastes and have different thresholds for perceiving flavors. About one-quarter of the population, mostly women, are supertasters—they experience tastes more intensely, largely because they have extra taste buds. For instance, supertasters are especially sensitive to bitter compounds in some vegetables and artificial sweeteners. Another quarter of people (unfairly dubbed non-tasters) have far fewer taste buds than aver­age and are often “blind” to such bitter tastes, as well as to some other tastes and flavors. Cultural or psychological factors also shape how food tastes to people.

  • 5

    True or false?

    boy drinking soda image

    Some taste preferences are inborn.  

    Check the next slide to see if you are right. 

  • 6

    True.

    woman choosing food image

    All mammals prefer sweetness from birth and dislike bitterness, possibly because many poisonous plants contain bitter com­pounds. Still, some research suggests that a high intake of sugary foods (especially soft drinks) increases the attraction to sweetness. The enjoyment of bitter foods and bever­ages is usually an “acquired” taste, meaning it takes time to overcome the initial dislike.

  • 7

    True or false?

    woman salting food image

    The preference for salt is also inborn.    

    Check the next slide to see if you are right.  

  • 8

    False.

    women healthy eating image

    It's learned, like most taste prefer­ences. People who consume lots of salt from a young age develop a tolerance to it and consequently may even crave it. But what is learned can be unlearned: People who go on a low-sodium diet find that they adjust to it after about six to eight weeks. That is, they actually change the threshold at which they detect salt.

  • 9

    True or false?

    older couple eating image

    The number of taste buds decreases with age.      

    Check the next slide to see if you are right. 

  • 10

    False.

    older woman eating salad image

    But the nerve receptors within taste buds, which live only one to two weeks, are replaced more slowly as you age. More­over, certain chronic illnesses (such as diabe­tes) and medications can damage taste buds or nerves, while oral conditions (such as dry mouth or dentures) can prevent food chemicals from activating taste buds. In addition, taste sensitivity is often impaired by age-related neurological changes. Such losses can be dangerous. For example, familiar fla­vors may become distorted and seem unpleasant, leading some older people to eat less and become malnourished. Others start eating more sweets, or overseason with salt or sugar.

  • 11

    True or false?

    couple tasting food

    If your sense of taste or smell is seriously impaired, there’s no way to enjoy food.      

    Check the next slide to see if you are right. 

  • 12

    False.

    couple enjoying food

    First, you should consult your health care provider to see if there’s a treatable underlying problem behind your loss. If not, there are things you can do to compensate, such as chewing food well to boost saliva release and better distribute the chemicals in foods to the taste buds. You can also choose stronger-tasting foods, use more spices and herbs (not salt and sugar), and concentrate on contrasts in texture, temperature, and flavor. There are several cookbooks focus­ing on flavorful recipes that can help you make up for losses in the sense of taste.